Japayal Calls for Crackdown on Wealthiest After IRS Chief Says Tax Evasion Costs US $1 Trillion a Year

The problem isnt auditing someone of High Wealth or not. That gets done.

The problem is the vast amount of auditing man hours required due to complex layering. Most of the tax loss is from corp tax write-off expenses burried deep in between companies owned by other companies

In fact the IRS can even be auditing the holding company a high wealth person own that pays the person most of their income.

  • But then when the Holding company owns 2 companies, that the IRS may or may not be able to audit.

  • But then those 2 companies own three companies

  • who own three more companies that have massive losses, thats the lose in taxes

That’s 22? companies of audits. thats the issue as thats not personal taxes either it’s now corp taxes


Many high-income Americans now use partnerships and similar entities to avoid taxes, as such behavior become harder for tax authorities to find as Tax strategies shift from offshore tax avoidance, which may have waned after stricter reporting requirements took effect about a decade ago.

Random audits are well designed to detect common forms of tax evasion, such as

But these audits may not detect sophisticated evasion strategies, because doing so can require much more information, resources and specialized staff than available to tax authorities for their random audit programs.

We observe that by far the largest component of detected under-reporting involves corrections to Sole Proprietor income, on Schedule C of the individual income tax return.

The next-largest category involves corrections to Form 1040 Line 21 income (“Other income”), which mostly reflect disallowed net-operating loss carryforwards and carrybacks

NRP detects little evasion on wages, interest, dividends, and capital gains.

  • A natural explanation for this fact is that these forms of income are subject to substantial third party reporting (IRS, 2016; Kleven et al., 2011).

If a wealthy taxpayer owns a network of private business interests, the auditor faces a considerable challenge in trying to assess the compliance of every single entity in the network.

  • Upon initial review, the auditor checks whether the income allocated to the individual taxpayer by these businesses is accurately reported on the individual tax return, and whether the taxpayer has an active or passive role in the businesses.

  • Internal procedures, the materiality of risk, and the available tools and resources guide the extent to which the broader network is examined

  • Pass-through businesses (S-corporations and partnerships) are not subject to the corporate income tax. Instead, all of the income of these businesses “flows through” to their owners’ tax returns, where it is subject to tax.


This report presents estimates of the tax gap for the tax year (TY) 2011–2013 timeframe. The estimated gross tax gap is $441 billion.

  • The gross tax gap is composed of three components:

  • nonfiling, $39 billion

  • underreporting, $352 billion

  • underpayment. $50 billion

  • It is estimated that $60 billion of the gross tax gap eventually will be paid

  • The net tax gap is the gross tax gap less tax that subsequently will be paid, either paid voluntarily or collected through IRS administrative and enforcement activities;

Net tax gap of $381 billion.

Higher-income individuals were more likely to be examined than lower-income ones over the period. Nearly all examinations of lower-income taxpayers were initiated because of claims for the earned income tax credit.

Income on which taxes are withheld and that third parties report to the IRS, such as wages, accounts for a very small portion of the tax gap (Unpaid Taxes).

  • Gross Income Withholding narrows the tax gap because it allows for the collection of tax as liability accrues. A shift in income away from wages to payments to independent contractors in the so-called gig economy could increase the tax gap because taxes are not withheld on money paid to contractors (who are expected to remit quarterly estimated tax payments), and only certain payments are reported on Form 1099-K or on IRS Form 1099-MISC.

  • In contrast, items that are subject to little or no third party information reporting account for most of the under reported income (see Figure 4). For example, although the IRS receives information on some businesses’ gross receipts, it does not receive independent information on expenses. Noncompliant taxpayers can, therefore, inflate their expenses to minimize their net profit from a business.

  • In recent years, the scope of third-party information reporting has expanded. Payment settlement entities, such as banks and other processors of credit card transactions, are required to report certain payments to individuals on IRS Form 1099-K.

  • When certain assets are sold, brokers and investment managers must include information on the original cost of the assets on IRS Form 1099-B, thus showing the amount of a transaction that is taxed as a capital gain.

In 2018, the IRS estimated that 25 percent ($18.4 billion) of the $73.6 billion in EITC claims was improper. It recovered $1.2 billion of those improper payments through post-refund enforcement activity

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